“Over the past twenty years, the proportion of the global population living in extreme poverty has halved. This is absolutely revolutionary. I consider it to be the most important change that has happened in the world in my lifetime. It is also a pretty basic fact to know about life on earth. But people do not know it. On average only 7 percent – less than 1 in ten.”

The book Factfulness: Ten Reasons We’re Wrong About the World–and Why Things Are Better Than You Think, is, according to the Wikipedia article about the book, “[Factfulness] is a 2018 book by Swedish statistician Hans Rosling with his son Ola Rosling and daughter-in-law Anna Rosling Rönnlund. In the book, Rosling suggests the vast majority of human beings are wrong about the state of the world.”

In actuality, according to https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/overview, in 2013, only 11 percent of people around the world are living in extreme poverty. If 11 percent seems big to you, Factfulness tell you how to look at it small and positively. As an example, 11 percent is fewer than the percentage in 1990. It has minimalized from 36 percent, which is 1.1 billion fewer people.

Factfulness shows the reader how to think positively and how to understand our instincts, why we have them, and how to avoid some of them like negativity, fear, generalization, blame, etc.. 

It begins with a quiz to see how many questions you can correctly answer, and how accurate your information is. Then, it uses those questions as examples of certain things, and Hans Rosling even uses his own life and certain scenarios that have happened to him.

The book even shows that experts like medical students, teachers, university lectures, eminent scientists, investment bankers, executives in multinational companies, journalists, activists, and even senior political decision-makers don’t even know the right answer, and he has proven that chimpanzees knew more than the professionals.

If you want to learn more about this topic or if it interests you, check out the book, Factfulness: Ten Reasons We’re Wrong About the World – and Why Things Are Better Than You Think.